The Sokoto Meningitis Laboratory and Diagnostics facility was designed to serve as a first point of testing cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood samples collected from suspected meningitis patients, in order to provide a conclusive diagnosis which will lead to proper treatment.
Northern Nigeria lies within a region known as the meningitis belt. This area is so called, due to the high risk of bacterial meningitis epidemics occurring in the region. The epidemics affect hundreds of people and can be fatal if patients are not diagnosed and treated quickly.
To ensure proper treatment of meningitis cases, it is vital to have a quick and reliable diagnosis. Unfortunately, such diagnostic capabilities were not available in the region.
eHealth Africa constructed a modular biosafety level 1 (BSL 2) laboratory for conducting a variety of tests on cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood samples collected from suspected meningitis patients. These tests include gram staining, cytology, Pastorex agglutination tests, and microbial cultures. The laboratory is also capable of carrying out tests for other bacterial diseases such as typhoid, septicaemia, etc. by isolating most bacteria. The laboratory is housed in a 40ft shipping container allowing for mobility to locations with an active outbreak and diagnostic need. The Sokoto State government provided the site where the lab was placed and also recruited two Medical Laboratory Scientists who were trained at the Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano.
In the first few weeks of operation, the staff of the International Foundation Against Infectious Diseases in Nigeria (IFAIN) lab, Abuja, served as lab managers to offer support and guide the Sokoto medical laboratory scientists.
Designed the laboratory
Construction and finishing of the lab including thermal insulation, electrical and plumbing work, epoxy flooring, gypsum board installation, electrical fittings, fitting of aluminium doors and windows, internal and external painting
Provision of laboratory equipment and consumables
People of Sokoto, Kebbi and Zamfara states
Cerebrospinal Fluid Samples tested since 2015
Blood Samples tested since 2015