Emergency Operation Centers (EOCs) are government led initiatives with the aim of improving information sharing as well as joint programming (planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation) towards improved public health emergency management.
Nigeria, Liberia, Sierra Leone
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, U.S. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention
We have built and equipped EOCs across West Africa, as part of our goal to strengthen our partner governments’ capacities to respond to public health emergencies.
In 2012, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded eHA to build and manage 8 polio EOCs in Nigeria, including the National EOC in Abuja and state EOCs in Bauchi, Borno, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Sokoto and Yobe. The success of these national projects further equipped eHA to build two additional EOCs in Lagos and Port Harcourt to support the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) response in late 2014.
Sierra Leone, Liberia & Guinea
At the height of the EVD outbreak in 2014, EOCs were established in Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea. Through the U.S. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention funding we delivered support to the National EOCs in each country. This included EOCs in each of Liberia’s 15 counties, renovated facilities in 12 districts of Sierra Leone, and a renovated building in Guinea. In Sierra Leone, the EOCs have continued to play a role in important public health emergencies, including the 2017 flooding and mudslide disaster.
The EOCs provide a coordination mechanism to manage the full implementation of the emergency and prevention plans in response to disease outbreaks such as polio or other key health threats. National levels and local departments (i.e state, county, or district) are able to effectively collaborate and share information to support the provision of effective health services for their populations.
- Construct and equip EOCs
- Manage staff, logistics and the operational facility Including electricity and internet
- Participate in project development, partnership building, and implementation
- Support human capacity building of EOC staff and decision-makers.
- Support timely analysis, interpretation and, dissemination of key data
- Prepare and disseminate regular reports for decision makers and stakeholders.
- Strengthen the capacity of government to respond to public health threats via complimentary geographic information systems services
- Ministries of Health policy makers
- Government agencies
- Health sector partners
- Children under 5 years
[EOCs at national and local levels have ensured] Better use of data for strategic decisions; improved communication among partners[, and] coordinated response
The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 210, Issue suppl_1, 1 November 2014, Pages S40–S49, https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiu318
decrease in reported polio cases in Kano State, Nigeria in 2014. Learn more about how EOCs have contributed to polio eradication in Nigeria.
operationally available national EOC in Sierra Leone which participated in the 2017 mudslide response.
public health disease outbreaks detected and reported through Liberia’s EOCs